BEIS released a series of reports on Thursday 12 April as part of its wider research into heat decarbonisation. Frontier Economics considered what market models and regulatory frameworks may look like in 2050 under a range of scenarios for a low-carbon gas system. A study by Frazer-Nash explored the engineering challenges of developing domestic gas hobs, ovens, fires and boilers that can run on 100% hydrogen. Analysis by elementenergy identified areas where hybrid heat pump could offer advantages over gas boilers. Finally, E4Tech assessed the impact that innovation could have on the development of technologies and feedstocks for biomass heating.